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Keywords:

  • phacoemulsification;
  • intra ocular lens;
  • glare;
  • spherical aberration

Abstract.

Purpose: To compare differences in subjective glare and spherical aberration between five foldable intraocular lenses (IOLs) made of different materials and to different designs.

Methods: This prospective study comprised 175 cataract patients who underwent phacoemulsification and were randomized to receive one of five types of foldable IOL (AcrySof® MA30BA, Alcon; Sensar® AR40, AMO; AcrySof® SA30AL, Alcon; Sensar® AR40e, AMO, and Tecnis® Z9000, Pharmacia & Upjohn). All patients received a questionnaire investigating the incidence of subjective photic phenomena. Two months postoperatively, we collected data regarding subjective glare and evaluated pupil size, visual acuity and wavefront aberration of the cornea and eye.

Results: With regard to difficulty in performing ordinary activities under different light conditions and light and dark adaptation, the difference between the groups was not significant (p > 0.05, chi-squared test). With respect to difficulty in driving at night, the MA30BA group had a significant higher incidence of photic phenomena than the SA30AL, AR40e and Z9000 groups (p < 0.05, chi-squared test). Wavefront measurements revealed a significant difference between the Z9000, AR40e and SA30AL groups, which showed the lowest values, and the MA30BA group, which showed the highest value (p < 0.05, anova with Tamhane posthoc test).

Conclusions: New generation IOLs such as the Pharmacia Z9000, AMO AR40e and AcrySof® SA30AL have a lower incidence of glare and spherical aberrations; however, their impact on future IOL design should be conditioned by further data, especially regarding posterior capsule opacification.