Prevalence of psychological disorders in the Athens area

Prediction of causal factors

Authors

  • M. Madianos,

    Corresponding author
    1. Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Athens, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece, and Dept. of Bio-mathematics, University of Oxford, U.K.
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  • I. Vlachonikolis,

    1. Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Athens, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece, and Dept. of Bio-mathematics, University of Oxford, U.K.
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  • D. Madianou,

    1. Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Athens, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece, and Dept. of Bio-mathematics, University of Oxford, U.K.
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  • C. Stefanis

    1. Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Athens, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece, and Dept. of Bio-mathematics, University of Oxford, U.K.
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M. G. Madianos, M.D., M.P.H. Social Psychiatry Unit Dept. of Psychiatry University of Athens 14 Delou Str. Athens 161-21, Greece

Abstract

Abstract A two-phase cross-sectional study on the prevalence of psychological disorders was carried out in a sample of 1,574 adult male and female residents of two boroughs in the greater Athens area. The analysis focused on the detection of any possible effects (risk factors) that personal data (such as sociodemographic profile, use of psychiatric services, medication and experience of stressful life events) may have on mental health; information about the latter was assessed by Langner's scale. The findings are that all the independent variables investigated affect the respondents’ psychological status, although interactive effects between variables predicted different patterns of psych op athological symptom formation.

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