Perinatal origin of adult self-destructive behavior

Authors

  • B. Jacobson,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Medical Engineering (Head: Bertil Jacobson, M.D.), Department of Epidemiology (Head: Gunnar Eklund, M.D.), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Head: Lars Hamberger, M.D.), Department of Environmental Medicine (Head: Dag Linnarsson, M.D.) and Department of Psychiatry and Psychology (Head: Göran Sedvall, M.D.), State Institute of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm (Head: Milan Valverius, M.D.) Solna, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • G. Eklund,

    1. Department of Medical Engineering (Head: Bertil Jacobson, M.D.), Department of Epidemiology (Head: Gunnar Eklund, M.D.), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Head: Lars Hamberger, M.D.), Department of Environmental Medicine (Head: Dag Linnarsson, M.D.) and Department of Psychiatry and Psychology (Head: Göran Sedvall, M.D.), State Institute of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm (Head: Milan Valverius, M.D.) Solna, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • L. Hamberger,

    1. Department of Medical Engineering (Head: Bertil Jacobson, M.D.), Department of Epidemiology (Head: Gunnar Eklund, M.D.), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Head: Lars Hamberger, M.D.), Department of Environmental Medicine (Head: Dag Linnarsson, M.D.) and Department of Psychiatry and Psychology (Head: Göran Sedvall, M.D.), State Institute of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm (Head: Milan Valverius, M.D.) Solna, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • D. Linnarsson,

    1. Department of Medical Engineering (Head: Bertil Jacobson, M.D.), Department of Epidemiology (Head: Gunnar Eklund, M.D.), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Head: Lars Hamberger, M.D.), Department of Environmental Medicine (Head: Dag Linnarsson, M.D.) and Department of Psychiatry and Psychology (Head: Göran Sedvall, M.D.), State Institute of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm (Head: Milan Valverius, M.D.) Solna, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • G. Sedvall,

    1. Department of Medical Engineering (Head: Bertil Jacobson, M.D.), Department of Epidemiology (Head: Gunnar Eklund, M.D.), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Head: Lars Hamberger, M.D.), Department of Environmental Medicine (Head: Dag Linnarsson, M.D.) and Department of Psychiatry and Psychology (Head: Göran Sedvall, M.D.), State Institute of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm (Head: Milan Valverius, M.D.) Solna, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • M. Valverius

    1. Department of Medical Engineering (Head: Bertil Jacobson, M.D.), Department of Epidemiology (Head: Gunnar Eklund, M.D.), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Head: Lars Hamberger, M.D.), Department of Environmental Medicine (Head: Dag Linnarsson, M.D.) and Department of Psychiatry and Psychology (Head: Göran Sedvall, M.D.), State Institute of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm (Head: Milan Valverius, M.D.) Solna, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author

M.D. Department of Medical Engineering Karolinska Institute S 10401 Stockholm Sweden

Abstract

ABSTRACT: The study was undertaken to test whether obstetric procedures are of importance for eventual adult behavior of the newborn, as ecological data from the United States seem to indicate. Birth record data were gathered for 412 forensic victims comprising suicides, alcoholics and drug addicts born in Stockholm after 1940, and who died there in 1978–1984. The births of the victims were unevenly distributed among six hospitals. Comparison with 2,901 controls, and mutual comparison of categories, showed that suicides involving asphyxiation were closely associated with asphyxia at birth, suicides by violent mechanical means were associated with mechanical birth trauma and drug addiction was associated with opiate and/or barbiturate administration to mothers during labor. Irrespective of the mechanism transferring the birth trauma to adulthood—which might be analogous to imprinting—the results show that obstetric procedures should be carefully evaluated and possibly modified to prevent eventual self-destructive behavior.

Ancillary