We examine the hypothesis that the effect of mood state on personality questionnaire scores is more a function of diagnosis than of depression severity. Sixteen endogenous and 83 neurotic depressives completed a battery of personality questionnaires at a baseline assessment and again 20 weeks later. Scores on the personality measures changed significantly. Endogenous depressives were found to have more pronounced changes on measures of dependence and timidity, but when change in mood state was partialled out only one of the dependence measures and timidity remained significant. Thus the hypothesis only received partial support - change in mood state appears to be the major factor in elevating personality questionnaire scores.