Personality disorders in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder in Japan


Hisato Matsunaga, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Osaka City University Medical School, 1-5-7 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka city, Osaka 545, Japan


A total of 75 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) were studied in order to investigate the characteristics of OCD symptoms and the comorbidity of personality disorders (PD). Contamination obsessions and checking compulsions were most commonly found in patients, of whom 53% met the criteria for at least one PD. Among comorbid PD, the anxious-fearful (cluster C) PDs, such as avoidant, obsessive-compulsive and dependent PD, were most prevalent, followed by the odd-eccentric (cluster A) PDs, such as paranoid and schizotypal PD. The patients with PD had more severe social maladaptation and concurrent depressive and anxious symptoms than the patients without any PD, despite the similar severity of OCD symptoms. These results are consistent with those reported in the Western world, and are considered to be relatively stable cross-culturally.