Behaviour/emotional problems in male juvenile delinquents and controls in Russia: the role of personality traits

Authors

  • V. V. Ruchkin,

    1. Unit of Medical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry and WHO Collaborating Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
    2. Department of Psychiatry, Arkhangelsk State Medical Academy, Arkhangelsk, Russia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • M. Eisemann,

    Corresponding author
    1. Unit of Medical Psychology, Department of Psychiatry and WHO Collaborating Centre, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • C. R. Cloninger

    1. Center for Psychobiology of Personality, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Search for more papers by this author

Martin Eisemann, Department of Psychiatry and WHO Collaborating Center, Umeå University, S-90185 Umeå, Sweden

Abstract

Recent studies based on the psychobiological theory of personality by Cloninger postulate a relationship between certain personality traits and various psychopathological manifestations. To test this theory, we administered the Temperament and Character Inventory and the Youth Self-Report to 188 male delinquents from a juvenile correction centre in Northern Russia, and to 111 age-matched male controls recruited from among schoolchildren. As assumed by previous studies, psychological symptoms were primarily positively correlated with harm avoidance and negatively correlated with self-directedness. At the same time, the higher levels of aggressive and delinquent behaviour were positively correlated with novelty-seeking and negatively correlated with co-operativeness. The possible mechanisms underlying these findings are discussed.

Ancillary