Personal characteristics associated with consistency of recall of depressed or anhedonic mood in the 13-year follow-up of the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Survey
Article first published online: 28 MAR 2004
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 109, Issue 5, pages 345–354, May 2004
How to Cite
Thompson, R., Bogner, H. R., Coyne, J. C., Gallo, J. J. and Eaton, W. W. (2004), Personal characteristics associated with consistency of recall of depressed or anhedonic mood in the 13-year follow-up of the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area Survey. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 109: 345–354. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2003.00284.x
- Issue published online: 28 MAR 2004
- Article first published online: 28 MAR 2004
- Accepted for publication November 26, 2003
- longitudinal studies;
- mental recall;
Objective: Our study addressed two primary questions: (1) How reliable is long-term recall of lifetime history of episodes of depressed mood? (2) What characteristics are associated with consistent recall of this history?
Method: Psychiatric symptoms were assessed in a population-based longitudinal survey of 1498 persons twice, in 1981 and 1994. Respondents whose reports of history of depressed affect were discordant after a 13-year follow-up interval were compared with those whose reports were concordant.
Results: Absence of a reported history of episode of depressed mood was more consistently recalled than presence of such an episode. The kappa of reported lifetime history of episode of depressed mood was 0.32. Several personal characteristics predicted consistency of recall.
Conclusion: If assessment of past episodes of depressed mood is used as guide for identifying cases at risk for depression, account must be taken of the personal factors that might influence recall.