Olanzapine vs. other antipsychotics in actual out-patient settings: six months tolerability results from the European Schizophrenia Out-patient Health Outcomes study


Martin Lambert, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Department for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Psychosis Early Detection and Intervention Centre (PEDIC), University of Hamburg, Martinistreet 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
E-mail: lambert@uke.uni-hamburg.de


Objective:  The European Schizophrenia Out-patient Health Outcomes study is an observational study investigating treatment in schizophrenia. We report treatment-emergent adverse events during the first 6 months of treatment.

Method:  The rate of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), anticholinergic use, weight gain and sexual related dysfunctions were assessed in 8400 out-patients.

Results:  Patients typical antipsychotics and risperidone experienced significantly more EPS and anticholinergic use than patients in the clozapine, olanzapine, and quetiapine cohorts. Patients treated with amisulpride, typical antipsychotics and risperidone were significantly more likely to have sexual related dysfunctions and/or amenorrhea. Increases in weight and body mass index occurred in all cohorts, but were significantly greater in the olanzapine and clozapine cohorts.

Conclusion:  Patients treated with olanzapine, quetiapine and clozapine had better tolerability outcomes regarding EPS and sexual related dysfunctions compared with patients receiving risperidone, amisulpride and typicals. Patients treated with olanzapine and clozapine had higher weight increases than patients treated with risperidone, quetiapine and typicals.