• Tourette syndrome;
  • thalamus;
  • magnetic resonance imaging

Objective:  Thalamic abnormality has been implicated in the pathophysiology of Tourette's syndrome (TS). We examined the presence of aberrant thalamic volume from the treatment-naïve boys with TS using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Method:  Volumetric MRI was performed on 18 treatment-naïve boys with TS, aged 7–14 years, and 16 healthy comparison subjects. The anatomical boundaries were then manually parcellated to measure the thalamic volume.

Results:  Tourette's syndrome subjects had a significantly larger left thalamus in comparison with those of healthy subjects. On the contrary, no group difference was observed from the right thalamic volume. TS subjects also showed a significant reduction in rightward asymmetry in thalamic volume compared with the healthy subjects.

Conclusion:  Our findings provide new evidence of abnormal thalamic volume in pediatric TS.