Abstract presented as poster at The American Psychiatric Association, New Research, 155th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA, 17–22 May 2003.
Outcomes in adulthood for children with foetal growth retardation. A linkage study from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway
Article first published online: 21 DEC 2005
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 113, Issue 6, pages 501–509, June 2006
How to Cite
Berle, J. Ø., Mykletun, A., Daltveit, A. K., Rasmussen, S. and Dahl, A. A. (2006), Outcomes in adulthood for children with foetal growth retardation. A linkage study from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT) and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 113: 501–509. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2005.00704.x
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 21 DEC 2005
- Accepted for publication October 26, 2005
- infant, low-birth weight;
- infant, small for gestational age;
- foetal growth retardation;
- anxiety disorders;
Objective: The aims were to examine the long-term functional outcome and risk of mood disorders in adulthood in individuals with foetal growth retardation.
Method: In a prospective cohort study of 7806 individuals aged 20–30 years, using linked data from the Health Survey of Nord-Trøndelag (HUNT-2) and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway, we studied the long-term effects of being born with a birth weight below the 10th percentile for gestational age (SGA).
Results: SGA individuals had lower educational level (OR: 1.33), lower socioeconomic functioning level (OR: 1.77) and more frequent reported mood disorder in adulthood (OR: 1.26). Analyses of a substratum of infants born at term showed almost identical results.
Conclusion: Foetal growth retardation measured as SGA shows a moderate risk for lower education and socioeconomic level and for anxiety and/or depression in young adulthood. Issues concerning interventions for children at risk should be considered.