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Keywords:

  • psychotic disorders;
  • population;
  • reliability and validity;
  • questionnaires

Objective:  General population longitudinal cohort studies have demonstrated the prognostic validity of self-reported psychotic experiences, but data on reliability and cross-validation with interview-based measures of these experiences are sparse. This study tested the reliability and validity of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE42).

Method:  At baseline, the CAPE42 was used to measure the subclinical psychosis phenotype in a general population sample (n =  765). At follow-up (mean interval: 7.7 months), the Structured Interview for Schizotypy, Revised (SIS-R), the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), and the CAPE42 were administered (n = 510).

Results:  Baseline self-reported dimensions of psychosis were specifically and independently associated with their equivalent interview-based dimension at follow-up (standardized effect sizes of 0.4–0.5) and with their equivalent self-reported measure (standardized effect sizes of 0.6–0.8).

Conclusion:  The results indicate that self-reported dimensions of psychotic experiences in general population samples appear to be stable, reliable and valid.