Prevalence and predictors of depression in populations of elderly: a review
Article first published online: 21 FEB 2006
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 113, Issue 5, pages 372–387, May 2006
How to Cite
Djernes, J. K. (2006), Prevalence and predictors of depression in populations of elderly: a review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 113: 372–387. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00770.x
- Issue published online: 21 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 21 FEB 2006
- Accepted for publication January 13, 2006
- residential facilities
Objective: To offer an update on prevalence and predictors of old age depression in populations of elderly Caucasians.
Method: The databases MEDLINE and Psychinfo were searched and relevant literature from 1993 onwards was reviewed.
Results: The prevalence of major depression ranges from 0.9% to 9.4% in private households, from 14% to 42% in institutional living, and from 1% to 16% among elderly living in private households or in institutions; and clinically relevant depressive symptom ‘cases’ in similar settings vary between 7.2% and 49%. The main predictors of depressive disorders and depressive symptom cases are: female gender, somatic illness, cognitive impairment, functional impairment, lack or loss of close social contacts, and a history of depression.
Conclusion: Depression is frequent in populations of elderly. Methodological differences between the studies hinder consistent conclusions about geographical and cross-cultural variations in prevalence and predictors of depression. Improved comparability will provide a basis for consistent conclusions.