What happens to children with PDD when they grow up? Prospective follow-up of 219 children from preschool age to mid-childhood
Article first published online: 20 SEP 2006
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 115, Issue 5, pages 403–412, May 2007
How to Cite
Baghdadli, A., Picot, M.-C., Michelon, C., Bodet, J., Pernon, E., Burstezjn, C., Hochmann, J., Lazartigues, A., Pry, R. and Aussilloux, C. (2007), What happens to children with PDD when they grow up? Prospective follow-up of 219 children from preschool age to mid-childhood. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 115: 403–412. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00898.x
- Issue published online: 22 FEB 2007
- Article first published online: 20 SEP 2006
- Accepted for publication July 18, 2006
- pervasive developmental disorder;
- preschool children;
Objective: To describe the psychological development of children with pervasive developmental disorders over a period of 3 years and to identify the factors linked to their developmental paths.
Method: The study was a collaborative and prospective follow-up study of 219 preschoolers. Retrospective data and enrollment data were collected at the beginning of the study and 3 years later.
Results: We observed high variability in the short-term outcomes of preschoolers. In line with previous research, our results showed that intellectual, linguistic and adaptive functioning were useful for predicting outcome. The severity of a child's autistic symptoms appears to be related to his or her future development. These variables can therefore be used as predictors of outcome for preschoolers with autism.
Conclusion: Developmental and symptom changes in young children with autism should not be overlooked and need to be assessed regularly in view of choosing suitable servicing programs.