A short matrix-version of the Edinburgh Depression Scale
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2006
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 116, Issue 3, pages 195–200, September 2007
How to Cite
Eberhard-Gran, M., Eskild, A., Samuelsen, S. O. and Tambs, K. (2007), A short matrix-version of the Edinburgh Depression Scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116: 195–200. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2006.00934.x
- Issue published online: 19 MAR 2007
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2006
- Accepted for publication October 4, 2006
- Edinburgh Depression Scale;
Objective: Given the importance of depression as a world health problem, depression assessment should be standard practice in large-scale health surveys. The aim of the study was to construct a short matrix-version of the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS) that can be used in questionnaire studies.
Method: On the basis of the complete EDS scale of ten items, answered by 2730 women, stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to find the combination of items that explains the maximum proportion of the variance of the full scale sum score. The selected EDS items were thereafter correlated with the Hopkins Symptom Check List (SCL-25) for external validation.
Results: The sum of five selected items from the EDS correlated at r = 0.96 with the full version. The EDS-5 scores correlated strongly with the SCL-25 (r = 0.75).
Conclusion: The EDS-5 version shows good psychometric properties and may, for some scientific purposes, substitute the full EDS scale.