Suicidal risks among 2826 Sardinian major affective disorder patients
Article first published online: 24 AUG 2007
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 116, Issue 6, pages 419–428, December 2007
How to Cite
Tondo, L., Lepri, B. and Baldessarini, R. J. (2007), Suicidal risks among 2826 Sardinian major affective disorder patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116: 419–428. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2007.01066.x
- Issue published online: 24 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 24 AUG 2007
- Accepted for publication July 3, 2007
- bipolar disorders;
- major depression;
- risk factors;
Objective: We estimated risks of suicidal behaviors in 2826 mood-disorder patients evaluated and followed in a Sardinian mood disorders research center over the past 30 years.
Method: We determined rates of suicidal ideation, attempts, and suicides, with associated risk factors, in men and women with DSM-IV bipolar I (BP-I; n = 529), BP-II; (n = 314), or major depressive disorders (MDD; n = 1983), at risk for an average of 11 years of illness.
Results: Observed rates (% of patients/year) of suicide ranked: BP-II (0.16) ≥ BP-I (0.14) > MDD (0.05); attempts: BP-I (1.52) > BP-II (0.82) > MDD (0.48); ideation: BP-II (42.7) > MDD (33.8) > BP-I (22.7). The ratio of attempts/suicides (lethality index) ranked: BP-II (5.12) < MDD (9.60) ≤ BP-I (10.8). Male/female risk-ratios were greater for suicide than attempts or ideation. One-third of all reported acts occurred within the first year of illness, and earliest among MDD patients. Factors associated independently with suicidal acts included BP diagnosis, hospitalizations/person, and early illness-onset; factors associated with suicidal ideation were having an affective temperament, BP-II diagnosis, and higher suicidality-corrected depression score at intake.
Conclusion: Suicidal behaviors were more prevalent among BPD than MDD out-patients.