Predictors of changes in needs for care in patients receiving community psychiatric treatment: a 4-year follow-up study
Article first published online: 25 OCT 2007
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 116, Issue Supplement s437, pages 31–41, December 2007
How to Cite
Lasalvia, A., Bonetto, C., Salvi, G., Bissoli, S., Tansella, M. and Ruggeri, M. (2007), Predictors of changes in needs for care in patients receiving community psychiatric treatment: a 4-year follow-up study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116: 31–41. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2007.01091.x
- Issue published online: 25 OCT 2007
- Article first published online: 25 OCT 2007
- needs assessment;
- mental health services;
- outcome assessment;
- community-based care;
- longitudinal studies
Objective: This study aimed to investigate changes and predictors of change in needs for care, as assessed by both patients and mental health professionals, in a sample of subjects receiving community-based psychiatric care.
Method: The study was conducted using a 4-year prospective longitudinal design. A cohort of patients from the South-Verona Community Mental Health Service (CMHS) was assessed at baseline and follow-up using the Camberwell Assessment of Need, both staff and patient versions. Predictors of changes in needs were explored using block-stratified multiple regression analyses.
Results: An overall stability for both patient-rated and staff-rated needs was found over time; however, significant changes in some specific need domains were found, such as self-rated health needs (improvement), self-rated social needs (deterioration) and staff-rated health needs (deterioration). Changes over time in self-rated and staff-rated needs are influenced by different and specific set of predictors, thus indicating that the two measures are not overlapping and convey different types of information.
Conclusion: Our data support the adoption of a negotiated approach in which both staff and users’ views should be given equal weight when planning and providing needs-led mental health care.