Ethnicity, social disadvantage and psychotic-like experiences in a healthy population based sample
Article first published online: 2 DEC 2008
Copyright © 2008 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2008 Blackwell Munksgaard
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 119, Issue 3, pages 226–235, March 2009
How to Cite
Morgan, C., Fisher, H., Hutchinson, G., Kirkbride, J., Craig, T. K., Morgan, K., Dazzan, P., Boydell, J., Doody, G. A., Jones, P. B., Murray, R. M., Leff, J. and Fearon, P. (2009), Ethnicity, social disadvantage and psychotic-like experiences in a healthy population based sample. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 119: 226–235. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2008.01301.x
- Issue published online: 27 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 2 DEC 2008
- Accepted for publication October 2, 2008
- social isolation;
- ethnic groups
Objective: We sought to investigate the prevalence and social correlates of psychotic-like experiences in a general population sample of Black and White British subjects.
Method: Data were collected from randomly selected community control subjects, recruited as part of the ÆSOP study, a three-centre population based study of first-episode psychosis.
Results: The proportion of subjects reporting one or more psychotic-like experience was 19% (n = 72/372). These were more common in Black Caribbean (OR 2.08) and Black African subjects (OR 4.59), compared with White British. In addition, a number of indicators of childhood and adult disadvantage were associated with psychotic-like experiences. When these variables were simultaneously entered into a regression model, Black African ethnicity, concentrated adult disadvantage, and separation from parents retained a significant effect.
Conclusion: The higher prevalence of psychotic-like experiences in the Black Caribbean, but not Black African, group was explained by high levels of social disadvantage over the life course.