Association between familial suicidal behavior and frequency of attempts among depressed suicide attempters
Version of Record online: 12 MAR 2009
© 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 119, Issue 5, pages 406–410, May 2009
How to Cite
Lizardi, D., Sher, L., Sullivan, G. M., Stanley, B., Burke, A. and Oquendo, M. A. (2009), Association between familial suicidal behavior and frequency of attempts among depressed suicide attempters. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 119: 406–410. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2009.01365.x
- Issue online: 6 APR 2009
- Version of Record online: 12 MAR 2009
- Accepted for publication February 3, 2009
- suicide attempt;
- family history;
- first-degree relatives
Objective: Only a few studies have examined whether a family history of suicide influences the severity of suicidal acts and the results have been inconsistent. The current study aimed to examine whether a family history of suicidal acts predicts severity of suicide attempts.
Method: 190 suicide attempters aged 18–75 years with a lifetime history of major depression were assessed for first-degree family history of suicidality and severity of suicide attempts (number and lethality of prior suicide attempts and age at first attempt).
Results: Regression analyses indicate that a positive family history of suicidal behaviors predicts a greater number of suicide attempts. Reasons for living predict number and lethality of prior attempts.
Conclusion: It is critical to assess for family history of suicidal behavior when treating depressed suicide attempters as it may serve as an indicator of the risk of repeat suicide attempt and as a guide for treatment.