Psychotherapy of borderline personality disorder
Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2009
© 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Special Issue: Erik Strömgren Centennial 1909-2009
Volume 120, Issue 5, pages 373–377, November 2009
How to Cite
Zanarini, M. C. (2009), Psychotherapy of borderline personality disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 120: 373–377. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2009.01448.x
- Issue online: 6 OCT 2009
- Version of Record online: 6 OCT 2009
- borderline personality disorder;
Objective: Psychotherapy is considered the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD). Currently, there are four comprehensive psychosocial treatments for BPD. Two of these treatments are considered psychodynamic in nature: mentalization-based treatment and transference-focused psychotherapy. The other two are considered to be cognitive-behavioral in nature: dialectical behavioral therapy and schema-focused therapy.
Method: A review of the relevant literature was conducted.
Results: Each of these lengthy and complex psychotherapies significantly reduces the severity of borderline psychopathology or at least some aspects of it, particularly physically self-destructive acts.
Conclusion: Comprehensive, long-term psychotherapy can be a useful form of treatment for those with BPD. However, less intensive and less costly forms of treatment need to be developed.