Psychiatric diagnosis in late adolescence and long-term risk of suicide and suicide attempt
Article first published online: 13 AUG 2011
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 124, Issue 6, pages 454–461, December 2011
How to Cite
Lundin, A., Lundberg, I., Allebeck, P. and Hemmingsson, T. (2011), Psychiatric diagnosis in late adolescence and long-term risk of suicide and suicide attempt. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 124: 454–461. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2011.01752.x
- Issue published online: 14 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 13 AUG 2011
- Accepted for publication June 28, 2011
- suicide attempt;
- mental disorder;
- prospective study
Lundin A, Lundberg I, Allebeck P, Hemmingsson T. Psychiatric diagnosis in late adolescence and long-term risk of suicide and suicide attempt.
Objective: To investigate the associations between psychiatric diagnosis in late adolescence in an unselected population and subsequent suicide attempt and suicide during 36-year follow-up.
Method: A total of 49 321 Swedish men conscripted for compulsory military training in 1969/1970, born 1949–1951, were screened for psychiatric disorder and, if detected, diagnosed by a psychiatrist according to ICD-8. Data on suicides and suicide attempts 1971–2006 were collected in national registers.
Results: At conscription examination, 11.7% of the cohort received a psychiatric diagnosis. Among those, increased risks of suicide 1971–2006 [HR = 2.7 (2.2–3.2), 624 cases] and suicide attempt 1973–2006 [HR = 3.5 (3.1–4.0), 1170 cases] were found. The increased relative risks persisted during the follow-up period 19–36 years after examination [1989–2006 suicide HR = 2.1 (1.6–2.7), 308 cases, and 1989–2006 suicide attempt HR = 2.6 (2.1–3.1), 484 cases]. The dominant diagnostic groups, neurosis and personality disorder, were significantly associated with suicide and suicide attempt in the early as well as the late follow-up period.
Conclusion: Psychiatric diagnoses made in late adolescence predicted subsequent suicide and suicide attempt over a 36-year follow-up period. The increased relative risks were not limited to young adulthood but were also evident 18–36 years after conscription examination.