Mubarak A, Gmelig-Meyling FHJ, Wolters VM, Ten Kate FJW, Houwen RHJ. Immunoglobulin G antibodies against deamidated-gliadin-peptides outperform anti-endomysium and tissue transglutaminase antibodies in children <2 years. APMIS 2011; 119: 894–900.
To investigate the usefulness of deamidated-gliadin-peptides-antibodies in the diagnosis of celiac disease, serology was tested in 212 children suspected with celiac disease who had undergone a small-intestinal-biopsy. For deamidated-gliadin-peptides-antibodies, two kits were tested. Positive and negative predictive values for IgA deamidated-gliadin-peptides-antibodies using the Bindazyme-kit were 89% and 74%, while the Quanta-Lite-kit had values of 89% and 85%, respectively. For the IgG subtype using the Bindazyme-kit, these values were 85% and 89%, while they were 85% and 91% for the Quanta-Lite-kit. The positive predictive values for endomysium and tissue-transglutaminase antibodies were disappointing (77% and 87%), although the negative predictive values were better (97% and 96%). When the analysis was restricted to the 41 children aged <2 years, no misclassifications occurred with IgG deamidated-gliadin-peptides-antibodies giving 100% accuracy in both kits. The positive predictive value reached 100% for tissue-transglutaminase antibodies and both kits for IgA deamidated-gliadin-peptides-antibodies, while the negative predictive value was 94% in these assays. Positive and negative predictive values for endomysium antibodies were 96% and 93%, respectively. In conclusion, although deamidated-gliadin-peptides-antibodies do not outperform anti-endomysium antibodies in the total study population, the IgG subtype seems to be the best test in children aged <2 years, reaching 100% accuracy.