• RON;
  • MSP;
  • invasive ductal carcinoma;
  • ductal carcinoma in situ;

Ren XL, Daa T, Yada N, Kashima K, Fujitomi Y, Yokoyama S. Expression and mutational status of RON in neoplastic lesions of the breast: analysis of MSP/RON signaling in ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma. APMIS 2012; 120: 358–67.

Recepteur d’origine nantais (RON) is a receptor tyrosine kinase closely related to MET and involved in tumorigenesis. We investigated the roles of aberrations in RON and its ligand, macrophage-stimulating protein (MSP), in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC, n = 81), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS, n = 26), and in benign lesions (n = 20) of mammary gland. Expression of RON and MSP was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and the mutational status of a region containing the proteolytic cleavage site in exon 1 and each exon of the kinase domain (exon 14–20) of RON was screened by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) analysis. The proportion of cases positive for RON expression was significantly different between malignant [86% (92/107)] and benign [40% (8/20)] lesions. RON expression was positive in both IDC and DCIS [90% (73/81) and 73% (19/26), respectively], whereas MSP expression was present in 54% (44/81) of IDC and absent in DCIS. RON expression correlated significantly with the histological grade of DCIS. No mutations were detected in the examined regions of RON in breast cancer samples as confirmed by PCR-SSCP. The findings suggest the involvement of RON expression in the development of breast cancer, and that an autocrine/paracrine loop of RON seems to affect tumor invasiveness.