Presence of arginine catabolic mobile element among community-acquired meticillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is linked to a specific genetic background
Article first published online: 13 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors APMIS © 2012 APMIS
Volume 121, Issue 3, pages 221–225, March 2013
How to Cite
Presence of arginine catabolic mobile element among community-acquired meticillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is linked to a specific genetic background. APMIS 2012; 00: 000–000., , .
- Issue published online: 21 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 13 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 7 MAR 2012
- Staphylococcus aureus ;
- ACME ;
- SCC mec ;
- Panton-Valentine leukocidin;
The prevalence of arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME) among diverse and heterogeneous community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus community-associated Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) (n = 114) in a low-endemic area, i.e. Sweden, was investigated. Among the CA-MRSA, represented by 47 different spa types, ACME was only found in 10 isolates with a common genetic background [t008, SCCmec type IV, Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) positive, and indistinguishable or closely related pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE)-patterns] corresponding to USA300. This strain does not seem to be established in our area as most of the patients contracted the CA-MRSA abroad. Presence of ACME does not seem to be associated with colonization, long-term carriership, or intra-familiar transmission in a higher extent than CA-MRSA in general.