Background: Local and systemic inflammatory and immune mechanisms may be implicated in the pathogenesis of the aggressive forms of periodontal disease. Chemokines, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and regulated on activation, normal T cells expressed and secreted RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cells expressed and secreted), are involved in the activation and recruitment of inflammatory and immune cells to the infected sites and thereby mediating a variety of pathophysiological conditions. The aim of the present study was to examine the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of MCP-1 and RANTES in patients with generalized agressive periodontitis (G-AgP).
Methods: MCP-1 and RANTES levels were investigated in GCF samples of 10 patients with G-AgP and 10 periodontally healthy subjects. Periodontal status was evaluated by measuring probing depth, clinical attachment loss, presence of bleeding on probing and plaque. In the G-AgP group, GCF samples were collected from the two approximal sites; from one single-rooted tooth and from one first molar tooth with 6 mm probing depth. In the healthy group, GCF samples were collected from one of the single-rooted teeth. GCF MCP-1 and RANTES levels were quantified by enzyme immunoassay.
Results: The G-AgP patients had significantly higher GCF MCP-1 and RANTES levels compared to the healthy group (p<0.05). GCF MCP-1 and RANTES levels were positively correlated with both probing depth and clinical attachment loss (p<0.05). There was no correlation between GCF MCP-1 and RANTES levels and the percentage of sites with bleeding (p>0.05).
Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that MCP-1 and RANTES could play key roles in both activation and recruitment of inflammatory and immune cells in periodontal environment of G-AgP patients. In conclusion, these CC chemokines may be considered in the biological mechanism underlying the pathogenesis and progression of G-AgP.