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Definition and prevalence of peri-implant diseases

Authors

  • Nicola U. Zitzmann,

    1. Clinic for Periodontology, Endodontology and Cariology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    2. Department of Periodontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
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  • Tord Berglundh

    1. Department of Periodontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
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  • Conflict of interest and source of funding statement
    The authors have declared no conflicts of interests.
    The 6th European Workshop on Periodontology was supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Straumann AG.

Address:
Nicola U. Zitzmann
Clinic for Periodontology, Endodontology and Cariology
University of Basel
Hebelstrasse 3, CH-4056 Basel
Switzerland
E-mail: N.Zitzmann@unibas.ch

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the current review was to describe the prevalence of peri-implant diseases including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis.

Material and Methods: A MEDLINE search (PubMed) until December 2007 was conducted and different keywords related to the prevalence of peri-implant diseases were used. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies including geqslant R: gt-or-equal, slanted50 implant-treated subjects exhibiting a function time of geqslant R: gt-or-equal, slanted5 years were considered.

Results and Conclusion: The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on the prevalence of peri-implant diseases. Cross-sectional studies on implant-treated subjects are rare and data from only two study samples were available. Peri-implant mucositis occurred in approximately 80% of the subjects and in 50% of the implants. Peri-implantitis was found in 28% and geqslant R: gt-or-equal, slanted56% of subjects and in 12% and 43% of implant sites.

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