Get access
Journal of Clinical Periodontology

The association between periodontal disease and obesity among adults in Jordan

Authors

  • Yousef Saleh Khader,

    1. Departments of 1Public Health, Community Medicine, and Family Medicine2Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan3Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan4Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetic, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Hiba Ahmad Bawadi,

    1. Departments of 1Public Health, Community Medicine, and Family Medicine2Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan3Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan4Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetic, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Touleen Fawzi Haroun,

    1. Departments of 1Public Health, Community Medicine, and Family Medicine2Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan3Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan4Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetic, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Mosa Alomari,

    1. Departments of 1Public Health, Community Medicine, and Family Medicine2Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan3Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan4Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetic, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Reema Fayez Tayyem

    1. Departments of 1Public Health, Community Medicine, and Family Medicine2Nutrition and Food Technology, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan3Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan4Department of Clinical Nutrition & Dietetic, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Conflict of interest and source of funding statement
    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
    This research was supported by a grant from the Deanship of Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology.

Address:
Yousef Saleh Khader
Department of Public Health
Community Medicine, and Family Medicine
Jordan University of Science and Technology
PO Box: 3030
Irbid 22110
Jordan
E-mail: yousef.k@excite.com

Abstract

Aim: To determine the relationship between periodontitis and overweight/obesity among Jordanians.

Material and Methods: A systematic random sample of 340 persons aged between 18 and 70 years was selected from those who accompanied patients during their visit to the outpatient clinics in the medical centre of Jordan University of Science and Technology in north of Jordan. All participants underwent periodontal examination, had anthropometric measurements, and completed the questionnaire. Periodontitis was defined as presence of four or more teeth with one or more sites with probing pocket depth geqslant R: gt-or-equal, slanted4 mm and clinical attachment loss geqslant R: gt-or-equal, slanted3 mm.

Results: Only 14% of normal weight participants had periodontal disease whereas 29.6% of overweight and 51.9% of obese participants had periodontal disease. Periodontitis was more prevalent among subjects with high waist circumference (WC) and among subjects with high waist-to-hip ratio. After adjusting for important variables, only body mass index (BMI)-defined obesity [odds ratio (OR)=2.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.3, 6.1], high WC (OR=2.1, 95%CI: 1.2, 3.7), and high fat per cent (OR=1.8, 95% CI: 1.03, 3.3) remained significantly associated with increased odds of periodontitis.

Conclusion: BMI-defined obesity, high WC, and high fat per cent were significantly associated with increased odds of having periodontitis.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary