Franek E, Napora M, Blach A, Budlewski T, Gozdowski D, Jedynasty K, Krajewski J, Gorska R. Blood pressure and left ventricular mass in subjects with type 2 diabetes and gingivitis or chronic periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol 2010; 37: 875–880. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01613.x.
Introduction: This study aimed to answer the question of whether chronic periodontitis in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with increased left ventricular mass (LVM) and systemic and central blood pressure (CBP).
Material and Methods: One hundred and fifty-five subjects with type 2 diabetes (67 F, 88 M, mean age 61.1±6.9 years, BMI 32.7±5.7 kg/m2) were divided according to their periodontal status into biofilm–gingival interface – healthy (BGI-H, 14 subjects), BGI-gingivitis (BGI-G, 119 subjects) and BGI-periodontitis (BGI-P, 22 subjects) groups. In all subjects, LVM, systemic and CBP were measured. The LVM index (LVMI) was calculated.
Results: (1) BGI-P and BGI-G subjects, respectively, had higher (mean; 95% CI) LVM (238.6 g; 206.6–267.4 and 222.8 g; 207.0–238.2) versus BGI-H subjects (170.3 g; 125.5–217.8).
(2) BGI-P and BGI-G subjects, respectively, had higher (mean; 95% CI) LVM1 (95.2 g/m2; 82.9–107.4) and 87.8 g/m2; 81.5–94.1) versus BGI-H subjects (63.7 g/m2; 45.2-62.3).
(3) BGI-P subjects had higher central and systemic systolic and diastolic blood pressure than subjects from BGI-G and BGI-H groups.
Conclusion: In subjects with type 2 diabetes, periodontitis and gingivitis are associated with increased LVM and periodontitis is associated with increased central and systemic blood pressure.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.