How do implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease?


  • Conflict of interest and source of funding statement
    The authors declare no conflict of interests.
    This supplement was supported by an unrestricted grant from Colgate.

Stefan Renvert
Department of Oral Sciences
School of Health and Society
Kristianstad University
Kristianstad 291 88


Renvert S, Polyzois I, Claffey N. How do implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease? J Clin Periodontol 2011; 38 (Suppl. 11): 214–222. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01661.x.


Objectives: To review the literature on how implant surface characteristics influence peri-implant disease.

Material and Methods: A search of PubMed and The Cochrane Library of the Cochrane Collaboration (CENTRAL) as well as a hand search of articles were conducted. Publications and articles accepted for publication up to March 2010 were included.

Results: Thirteen studies were selected for the review. Human studies: To date, few studies have investigated if such differences occur. Limited data suggest that smooth surfaces may be less affected by peri-implantitis than rough surface implants. Animal studies: In ligature-induced peri-implantitis studies, no difference between surfaces has been reported. In a spontaneous progression model of peri-implantitis, there was a suggestion that the progression was more pronounced at implants with a porous anodized surface.

Conclusion: The current review revealed that only a few studies provided data on how implant surfaces influence peri-implant disease. Based on the limited data available, there is no evidence that implant surface characteristics can have a significant effect on the initiation of peri-implantitis.