Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Prevalence of peri-implant diseases. A cross-sectional study based on a private practice environment

Authors

  • Javier Mir-Mari,

    1. Department of Oral Surgery and Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Pedro Mir-Orfila,

    1. Private Dental Practice, Menorca, Spain
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  • Rui Figueiredo,

    Corresponding author
    1. IDIBELL Institute, Barcelona, Spain
    • Department of Oral Surgery and Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Eduard Valmaseda-Castellón,

    1. Department of Oral Surgery and Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    2. IDIBELL Institute, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Cosme Gay-Escoda

    1. Department of Oral Surgery and Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    2. IDIBELL Institute, Barcelona, Spain
    3. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Teknon Medical Center, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Conflict of interest and source of funding statement

  • The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest in this study, which was carried out by the “Dental and Maxillofacial Pathology and Therapeutic” research group of the IDIBELL Institute, with the financial support of an educational–clinical agreement in Oral Surgery among the University of Barcelona, the General Health Consortium and the Catalan Health Service. No further external funding was available for this study.

Address:

R. Figueiredo

Facultat d'Odontologia - Universitat de Barcelona

Campus de Bellvitge

Pavelló de Govern 2a planta, Despatx 2.9

08907 - L'Hospitalet de Llobregat

Spain

E-mail: rui@ruibf.com

Abstract

Aim

To determine the prevalence of peri-implant diseases in private practice patients enrolled in a periodontal maintenance programme.

Material and Methods

A cross-sectional study was carried out in patients with dental implants attending the dental clinic to comply with a periodontal maintenance programme between January and June 2010. Implants with at least 1 year of loading time (range: 1–18 years) were included. A patient-based prevalence analysis of peri-implant diseases was carried out. Additionally, implants were classified into the following categories: healthy, clinically stable, mucositis and peri-implantitis.

Results

A total of 245 patients (964 dental implants) were analysed. Implant and patient-based peri-implantitis prevalences were 9.1% [95% confidence interval (95%CI): 7.5–11.1%] and 16.3% [95%CI: 12.2–21.5%] respectively. Mucositis affected 21.6% [95%CI: 19.1–24.5%] of the studied implants and 38.8% [95%CI: 33.3–45.4%] of the patients.

Conclusions

The prevalence of peri-implantitis in private practice patients enrolled in a periodontal maintenance programme was estimated to be between 12% and 22%. Almost 40% of the patients had mucositis. These prevalences are similar to those published in University environment samples.

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