Clinical, social and psychosocial factors associated with self-rated oral health in Brazilian adolescents
Version of Record online: 30 JAN 2007
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Volume 35, Issue 5, pages 377–386, October 2007
How to Cite
Pattussi, M. P., Olinto, M. T. A., Hardy, R. and Sheiham, A. (2007), Clinical, social and psychosocial factors associated with self-rated oral health in Brazilian adolescents. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 35: 377–386. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2006.00339.x
- Issue online: 10 JUL 2007
- Version of Record online: 30 JAN 2007
- Submitted 15 February 2006; accepted 9 June 2006
- oral health;
Abstract – Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the main social, psychosocial and clinical factors associated with poor self-rated oral health in adolescents.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out in two cities of the Distrito Federal, Brazil. Data were collected by clinical examinations and by self-administered questionnaires from 1302 adolescents aged 14- 15 years in 39 schools. Data analysis was carried out using a Poisson regression model taking into account the cluster sample.
Results: Adjusting for social, psychosocial and clinical factors, results showed that poor self-rated oral health was significantly associated (P < 0.001) with sex (males) [prevalence ratio (PR) = 0.8, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.7–0.9]; low social class (PR =1.4, 95% CI: 1.2–1.6); poor self-rated general health (PR = 2.6, 95% CI: 2.3–3.1); mouth appearance (PR = 1.9, 95% CI: 1.6–2.2) and with presence of untreated dental decay (PR = 1.4, 95% CI: 1.3–1.6).
Conclusions: The single question on self-rated oral health appears to be a simple and easy way to collect dental health information in adolescents. Assessment and understanding of self-rated oral health should take into account social, psychosocial and oral factors.