• 1
    Robertson A R. The C1E 1976 colour difference formulas. Colour Research and Application 1977: 2: 711.
  • 2
    Westerhof W. CIE Colorimetry. In: Handbook of now-invasive methods and the skin Boca Radon , FL : CRC Press. 1995: ch. 16.3, 385397.
  • 3
    Chroma-Meter CR-300/CR-310/CR-321/CR-331/CR-331C. Instruction Manual. Minolta Camera Co., Ltd., Osaka. Japan, 1991.
  • 4
    Wyszecki G, Stiles W S. Colour science concepts and methods, quantitative data and formulae 2nd. edition New York : John Wiley & Sons, 1982: 165169.
  • 5
    Fullerton A, Serup J. Site, gender and age variations in normal skin colour on the back and the forearm. Tristimulus colorimeter (Minolta Chroma Meter CR-200) measurements Skin Res Technol, submitted.
  • 6
    Van Oort R P. The variation of skin colour in different areas of the human body in a Caucasian population in CIE 1976. L*, u*, v* colour space. J Soc Cosmet Client 1981: 32: 114.
  • 7
    Takiwaki H, Serup J. Measurement of erythema and melanin indices. In: Handbook of non-invasive methods and the skin. Bota Raton , FL : CRC Press, 1995: Ch. 16.2, 377384.
  • 8
    Takiwaki H, Shirai S, Kohno H, Soh H, Arase S. The degrees of UVB-induced erythema and pigmentation correlate linearly and are reduced in a parallel manner by topical anti-inflammatory agents. J Invest Dermatol 1994: 103: 642646.
  • 9
    Weatherall I L, Coombs B D. Skin Color Measurements in terms of CIELAB color space values. J Invest Dermatol 1992: 99: 468473.
  • 10
    Takiwaki H, Overgaard L, Serup J. Comparison of narrow-hand reflectance spectrophotometric and tristimulus colorimetric measurements of skin colour. Skin Pharmacol 1994: 7: 217225.
  • 11
    Seitz J C, Whitmore C G. Measurement of erythema and tanning responses in human skin using a tristimulus colorimeter. Dermatologica 1988: 177: 7075.
  • 12
    Takiwaki H, Serup J. Measurement of color parameters of psoriatic plaques by narrow-band reflectance spectra photometry and tristimulus colorimetry. Skin Pharmacol 1994: 7: 145150.
  • 13
    Wilhelm K P, Maibach H I. Skin color reflectance measurements for objective quantification of erythema in human beings. J Am Acad Dermatol 1989: 21: 13061308.
  • 14
    Fullerton A, Lahti A, Wilhelm K-P, Perrenaud D, Serup J. Interlaboratory comparison and validity study of the Minolta Chromameters CR-200 and CR-300 Skin Research and Technology 1996: in press.
  • 15
    Agner T. Baseline transepidermal water loss, skin thickness, skin blood flow and skin colour in relation to sodium lauryl sulphate induced irritation in normal skin. Contact Dermatitis 1991: 25: 108114.
  • 16
    Waring M J, Monger L, Hollingsbee D A, Martin G P, Mariott C. Assessment of corticosteroid induced skin blanching: evaluation of the Minolta Chromameter CR-200. Int J Pharm 1993: 94: 211221.
  • 17
    Queille-Roussel C, Poncet M, Schaefer H. Quantification of skin-colour chances induced by topical corticosteroid preparations using the Minolta Chroma Meter. Br J Dermatol 1991: 124: 264270.
  • 18
    Division of Bioequivalene, FDA. Guidance: Topical dermatological corticosteroids: In vivo Bioequivalene. In International Pharmaceutical Regulatory-Monitor. 1995: Appendix B, section B2: 136.
  • 19
    Agner T. Menstrual cycle and skin reactivity. J Am Acad Dermatol 1991: 24: 566570.
  • 20
    Harvell J, Hussona-Saeed I, Maibach H I. Changes in transepidermal water loss and cutaneous blood flow during the menstrual cycle. Contact Dermatitis 1992: 27 294301.
  • 21
    Takiwaki H, Serup J. Variation in skin colour and blood flow of the forearm skin during orthostatic manoeuvre Skin Pharmacol 1994: 7: 226230.
  • 22
    Hajizadeh-Saffer M, Feather J W, Dawson J B. An investigation of factors affecting the accuracy of in vivo measurements of skin pigments by reflectance spectrophotometry. Phys Med Biol 1990: 35: 13011315.
  • 23
    Ring E F J. Thermal imaging of skin temperature. In: Handbook of non-invasive methods and the skin. Boca Raton , FL : CRC Press, 1995: ch. 18.1; 457471.
  • 24
    Serup J, Agner T. Colorimetric quantification of erythema – a comparison of two colorimeters (Lange Micro Colour and Minolta Chrome Meter CR-200) with a clinical scoring scheme and laser-Doppler flowmetry. Clin Exp Dermatol 1990: 15: 267272.
  • 25
    Fullerton A, Keiding J. A comparison between a tristimulus colorimeter (Minolta Chroma Meter CR-200) and two spectrophotometers (Minolta Spectrophotometers CM-508i and CM-2002). Quantification of UVB induced erythema in a hairless guinea pig model Skin Research and Technology, submitted.
  • 26
    Wilhelm K P, Surber C, Maibach H I. Quantification of sodium lauryl sulfate irritant dermatitis in man: comparison of four techniques: skin color reflectance, transepidermal water loss; laser Doppler flow measurement and visual scores. Arch Dermatol Res 1989: 281: 293295.
  • 27
    Van Neste D, Lyonnet S, De Brouwer B, Thivolet J. Noninvasive in vivo evaluation of biophysical parameters of a topic dermatitis. In: CzernielewskiJ M, (ed): Immunological and pharmacological aspects of atopic and contact eczema, Pharmacol Skin. Basel , Karger, 1991. vol 4, 128140.
  • 28
    Nose T, Tsurumi K. Pharmacological studies on cutaneous inflammation induced by ultraviolet irradiation (1): Quantification of erythema by reflectance colorimetry and correlation with cutaneous blood flow. Jpn J Pharmacol 1993: 62: 245256.
  • 29
    Engelhart M, Petersen L J, Kristensen J K. The local regulation of blood flow evaluated simultaneously by 133-Xenon washout and Laser Doppler flowmetry. J Invest Dermatol 1988: 91: 451453.
  • 30
    Kastrup J, Bulow J, Lussen N A. A comparison between 133 Xe washout technique and laser Doppler flowmetry in the measurement of local vasoconstriction effects on microcirculation in subcutaneous tissue and skin. Clin Physiol 1987: 7: 403409.
  • 31
    Shirai S, Takiwaki H, Kohno H, Arase S. The relationship between skin blood flow and blood volume in various kinds of Erythema (in Japanese) Jpn J Clin Dermatatol 1994: 48: 1923.
  • 32
    Serup J, Kristensen J K. Blood flow of morphoea plagues measured by laser-Doppler flowmetry. Arch Derm Res 1984: 276: 322325.