SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Basketter D A, Chamberlain M. The validation of skin sensitisation assays. Food Chem Toxicol 1995: 33: 10571059.
  • 2
    NIH. The Murine Local Lymph Node Assay: A Test Method for Assessing the Allergic Contact Dermatitis Potential of Chemicals/Compounds. 1999. (NIH publication number 99-4494)
  • 3
    Basketter D A, Lea L, Cooper K, Dickens A, Briggs D, Pate I, Dearman R J, Kimber. A comparison of statistical approaches to derivation of EC3 values from local lymph node assay dose responses. J Appl Toxicol 1999: 19: 261266.
  • 4
    Kimber I, Gerberick G F, Basketter D A. Thresholds in contact sensitization: theoretical considerations and practical applications. Food Chem Toxicol 1999: 37: 553560.
  • 5
    Ryan C A, Chaney J G, Kern P S, Dearman R J, Kimber I, Basketter D A, Gerberick G F. Extrapolating local lymph node assay EC3 values to estimate relative sensitizing potency. J Toxicol Cutaneous Ocul Toxicol 2007 (in press).
  • 6
    Balls M, Blaauboer B, Brusick D et al. Report and recommendations of the CAAT/ERGATT workshop on the validation of toxicity test procedures. Altern Lab Anim 1990: 18: 313337.
  • 7
    Balls M, Blaauboer B, Fentem J H et al. Practical aspects of the validation of toxicity test procedures. The report and recommendations of ECVAM workshop 5. Altern Lab Anim 1995: 23: 129147.
  • 8
    Bruner L H, Carr G J, Chamberlain M, Curren R D. Validation of alternative methods for toxicity testing. Toxicol In Vitro 1996: 10: 479501.
  • 9
    OECD. Final Report of the OECD Workshop on Harmonisation of Validation and Acceptance Criteria for Alternative Toxicological Test Methods. Paris, OECD, 1996: 60.
  • 10
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). Validation and Regulatory Acceptance of Toxicological Test Methods: A Report of the Ad Hoc Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM). NIEHS, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA, 1997. (NIH publication number 97-3981)
  • 11
    Basketter D A, Scholes E W, Kimber I et al. Inter-laboratory evaluation of the local lymph node assay with 25 chemicals and comparison with guinea pig test data. Toxicol Methods 1991: 1: 3043.
  • 12
    Kimber I, Basketter D A. The murine local lymph node assay; collaborative studies and new directions: a commentary. Food Chem Toxicol 1992: 30: 165169.
  • 13
    Kimber I, Dearman R J, Scholes E W, Basketter D A. The local lymph node assay: developments and applications. Toxicology 1994: 93: 1331.
  • 14
    Basketter D A, Gerberick G F, Kimber I, Loveless S E. The local lymph node assay – a viable alternative to currently accepted skin sensitization tests. Food Chem Toxicol 1996: 108: 141152.
  • 15
    Basketter D A, Roberts D W, Cronin M, Scholes E W. The value of the local lymph node assay in quantitative structure activity investigations. Contact Dermatitis 1992: 27: 137142.
  • 16
    Kimber I, Basketter D A. Contact sensitization: a new approach to risk assessment. Hum Ecol Risk Assess 1997: 3: 385395.
  • 17
    Kimber I, Hilton J, Dearman R J et al. An international evaluation of the murine local lymph node assay and comparison of modified procedures. Toxicology 1995: 103: 6373.
  • 18
    Loveless S E, Ladics G S, Gerberick G F et al. Further evaluation of the local lymph node assay in the final phase of an international collaborative trial. Toxicology 1996: 108: 141152.
  • 19
    Basketter D A, Lea L, Cooper K, Dickens A, Stocks J, Pate I, Dearman R J, Kimber I. Thresholds for classification as a skin sensitiser in the local lymph node assay: a statistical evaluation. Food Chem Toxicol 1999: 37: 11671174.
  • 20
    Oort J, Turk J L. A histological and autoradiographic study of lymph nodes during the development of contact sensitivity in guinea pigs. Br J Exp Pathol 1965: 46: 147154.
  • 21
    Parrot D M, De Sousa M A. Changes in the thymus-dependent areas of lymph nodes after immunological stimulation. Nature 1966: 212: 13161317.
  • 22
    Kimber I, Dearman R J. Investigation of lymph node cell proliferation as a possible immunological correlate of contact sensitizing potential. Food Chem Toxicol 1991: 29: 125129.
  • 23
    Basketter D A, Blaikie L, Dearman R J et al. Use of the local lymph node assay for the estimation of relative contact allergenic potency. Contact Dermatitis 2000: 42: 344348.
  • 24
    Gerberick G F, Robinson M K, Ryan C A, Dearman R J, Kimber I, Basketter D A, Wright Z, Marks J. Contact allergenic potency: correlation of human and local lymph node assay data. Am J Contact Dermat 2001: 12: 156161.
  • 25
    Basketter D A, Rodford R, Kimber I, Smith I, Wahlberg J E. Skin sensitization risk assessment: a comparative evaluation of 3 isothiazolinone biocides. Contact Dermatitis 1999: 40: 150154.
  • 26
    Ryan C A, Gerberick G F, Cruse L W et al. Activity of human contact allergens in the murine local lymph node assay. Contact Dermatitis 2000: 43: 95102.
  • 27
    Basketter D A, Wright Z M, Warbrick E V, Dearman R J, Kimber I, Ryan C A, Gerberick G F, White I R. Human potency predictions for aldehydes using the local lymph node assay. Contact Dermatitis 2001: 45: 8994.
  • 28
    Hilton J, Dearman R J, Harvey P, Evans P, Basketter D, Kimber I. Estimation of the relative skin sensitizing potency using the local lymph node assay: a comparison of formaldehyde with glutaraldehyde. Am J Contact Dermat 1998: 9: 2933.
  • 29
    Schneider K, Akkan Z. Quantitative relationship between the local lymph node assay and human skin sensitization assays. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2004: 39: 245255.
  • 30
    Griem P, Goebel C, Scheffler H. Proposal for a risk assessment methodology for skin sensitization based on sensitization potency data. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2003: 38: 269290.
  • 31
    Basketter D A, Clapp C, Jefferies D, Safford R J, Ryan C A, Gerberick G F, Dearman R J, Kimber I. Predictive identification of human skin sensitisation thresholds. Contact Dermatitis 2005: 53: 260267.
  • 32
    Dearman R J, Wright Z M, Basketter D A, Ryan C A, Gerberick G F, Kimber I. The suitability of hexyl cinnamic aldehyde as a calibrant for the using local lymph node assay. Contact Dermatitis 2001: 44: 357361.
  • 33
    Warbrick E V, Dearman R J, Lea L J, Basketter D A, Kimber I. Local lymph node assay responses to paraphenylenediamine: intra- and inter-laboratory evaluations. J Appl Toxicol 1999: 19: 255260.
  • 34
    Basketter D A, Cadby P. Reproducible prediction of contact allergenic potency using the local lymph node assay. Contact Dermatitis 2004: 50: 1517.
  • 35
    De Jong W H, Van Och F M, Den Hartopg Jager C F, Spiekstra S W, Slob W, Vandebriel R J, Van Loveren H J. Ranking of allergenic potency of rubber chemicals in a modified local lymph node assay. Toxicol Sci 2002: 66: 226232.
  • 36
    Gerberick G F, Ryan C A, Kern P S, Schlatter H, Dearman R J, Kimber I, Patlewicz G, Basketter D A. Compilation of historical local lymph node assay data for the evaluation of skin sensitization alternatives. Dermatitis 2005: 16: 157202.
  • 37
    Gerberick G F, Ryan C A, Kern P S, Schlatter H, Dearman R J, Kimber I, Patlewicz G, Basketter D A. Updating the compilation of historical local lymph node assay data for the evaluation of skin sensitization alternatives. Dermatitis 2007 (manuscript in preparation).
  • 38
    Kimber I, Basketter D A, Berthold K et al. Skin sensitization testing in potency and risk assessment. Toxicol Sci 2001: 59: 198208.
  • 39
    Basketter D A, Andersen K E, Lidén C, Van Loveren H, Boman A, Kimber I, Alanko K, Berggren E. Evaluation of the skin sensitising potency of chemicals using existing methods and considerations of relevance for elicitation. Contact Dermatitis 2005: 52: 3943.
  • 40
    Gerberick G F, Robinson M K, Felter S P, White I R, Basketter D A. Understanding fragrance allergy using an exposure-based risk assessment approach. Contact Dermatitis 2001: 45: 333340.
  • 41
    Felter S P, Robinson M K, Basketter D A, Gerberick G F. A review of the scientific basis for default uncertainty factors for use in quantitative risk assessment of the induction of allergic contact dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 2002: 47: 257266.
  • 42
    Felter S P, Ryan C A, Basketter D A, Gerberick G F. Application of the risk assessment paradigm to the induction of allergic contact dermatitis. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2003: 37: 110.
  • 43
    Zachariae C, Rastogi S, Devantier C, Menné T, Johansen J D. Methyldibromo glutaronitrile: clinical experience and exposure-based risk assessment. Contact Dermatitis 2003: 48: 150154.
  • 44
    Api A M, Basketter D A, Cadby P A et al. Dermal sensitization quantitative risk assessment (QRA) for fragrance ingredients. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol (submitted).
  • 45
    World Health Organisation. Criteria for classification of skin and airway sensitizing substances in the work and general environments. In: FlyvholmM-A, AndersenK E, BaranskiB, SarloK (eds): WHO, 1997.
  • 46
    Basketter D A, Clapp C J, Safford B J, Jowsey I R, McNamee P M, Ryan C A, Gerberick G F. Preservatives and skin sensitisation quantitative risk assessment: risk benefit considerations. Dermatitis 2007 (submitted).
  • 47
    White J M L, Kullavanijaya P, Duangdeeden I, Zazzeroni R, Gilmour N J, Basketter D A, McFadden J P. p-Phenylenediamine allergy: the role of Bandrowski’s base. Clin Exp Allergy 2006: 36: 12891293.
  • 48
    Betts C J, Dearman R J, Heylings J R, Kimber I, Basketter D A. Skin sensitization potency of methyl methacrylate in the local lymph node assay: comparisons with guinea-pig data and human experience. Contact Dermatitis 2006: 55: 140147.
  • 49
    Betts C J, Dearman R J, Kimber I, Maibach H I. Potency and risk assessment of a skin-sensitizing disperse dye using the local lymph node assay. Contact Dermatitis 2005: 52: 268272.
  • 50
    Ashby J, Basketter D A, Paton D, Kimber I. Structure activity relationships in skin sensitization using the murine local lymph node assay. Toxicology 1995: 103: 177194.
  • 51
    Lea L J, Warbrick V, Dearman R J, Harvey P, Kimber I, Basketter D A. The impact of vehicle on assessment of relative skin sensitisation potency of 1,4-dihydroquinone in the local lymph node assay. Am J Contact Dermat 1999: 10: 213218.
  • 52
    Basketter D A, Kimber I. Predictive test for irritants and allergens and their use in quantitative risk assessment. In: Contact Dermatitis, 4th edition, FroschP J, MennéT, LepoittevinJ-P (eds): Heidelberg, Springer Verlag, 2006: 179188.
  • 53
    Patlewicz G, Basketter D A, Smith C K, Hotchkiss S A M, Roberts D W. Skin sensitisation structure activity relationships for aldehydes. Contact Dermatitis 2001: 44: 331336.