Background: We planned this study to analyze probable associations between p53, cyclinD1, Ki67 and histopathological features in basal cell carcinomas (BCC).
Methods: Histological differentiation types, histological growth patterns and tissue responses were analyzed in 50 cases of BCC. In immunohistochemical analysis, p53, cyclinD1 and Ki67 antibodies were investigated. P53 expression was evaluated based on a cut-off value of 25% positivity. CyclinD1 expression was graded from 0 to 3+ according to the percentage of positive nuclear staining. The percentage of positively staining cells for Ki67 was recorded.
Results: The following significant correlations were detected. Solid infiltrative type differentiation was related to the infiltrative histological growth pattern. The rates of p53 positivity and severe fibrosis in the groups of mixed and infiltrative growth patterns were higher than others. Besides, p53-positive cases showed more severe fibrosis and had a higher mean value for Ki67 index. Epidermal p53 and cyclinD1 clones in normal epidermal areas adjacent to tumors were noticed in 42% and 52% of the cases, respectively.
Conclusions: P53 expression seems to be related to Ki67 index and some histopathological features of BCC, such as infiltrative histological growth pattern and probably fibrosis.