In the Bologna process a third cycle is distinguished at the doctoral level. In documents on the Bologna process it is advocated to harmonise the structure and requirements of the doctorate, which in Europe are characterised by a wide variety. Differences exist in all possible requirements between countries, and even between schools within one country differences can be seen. In this paper an inventory is made of these differences in the dental doctorate between European countries. Moreover, the need for necessary harmonisation of requirements for a European dental doctorate is strongly advocated and a proposal is presented.