International peer review in undergraduate dentistry: enhancing reflective practice in an online community of practice


Dr. Karen Gardner
Oral Health Sciences, University of British Columbia
254, 2199 Wesbrook Mall
British Columbia
V6T 1Z3 Canada
Tel: +604 822 3566
Fax: +604 822 3562


To stimulate and enhance student learning in the areas of global citizenship, critical reflection and e-learning, an online international peer review using a purpose-built web platform, has been developed between international dental schools. Since its inception in 2007, n = 6 dental schools from six different countries have participated with n = 384 dental students engaged in online peer review. Project development was conceptually analysed utilising Lave and Wenger’s notion of a community of practice (CoP). Analysis drew on the three core components within the CoP organising framework: domain, community and practice. All three components were evident in building project identity. The domain focused on both curriculum and institutional co-operation. The community was evident for both educators and students. Finally, analysis of practice was found to be significant in terms of sustained interaction and collaboration. Empirical evaluation is recommended as the next phase of project design.