BIOMOD – a platform for ensemble forecasting of species distributions


  • Wilfried Thuiller,

  • Bruno Lafourcade,

  • Robin Engler,

  • Miguel B. Araújo

W. Thuiller ( and B. Lafourcade, Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine, UMR CNRS 5553, Univ. Joseph Fourier, BP 53, FR–38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France. – R. Engler, Dépt d'Ecologie et d'Evolution (DEE), Univ. de Lausanne, Bâtiment de Biologie, CH–1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. – M. B. Araújo, Dept of Biodiversity and Evolutionary Biology, National Museum of Natural Science, CSIC, C/Gutierrez Abascal, 2, ES–28006, Madrid, Spain and Rui Nabeiro Biodiversity Chair, Univ. of Évora, Colégio Luís António, Rua Romão Ramalho no. 59, PT-7000-671, Évora, Portugal.


BIOMOD is a computer platform for ensemble forecasting of species distributions, enabling the treatment of a range of methodological uncertainties in models and the examination of species-environment relationships. BIOMOD includes the ability to model species distributions with several techniques, test models with a wide range of approaches, project species distributions into different environmental conditions (e.g. climate or land use change scenarios) and dispersal functions. It allows assessing species temporal turnover, plot species response curves, and test the strength of species interactions with predictor variables. BIOMOD is implemented in R and is a freeware, open source, package.