Abstract: Our study shows that the thrombocytopenia described in type IIB von Willebrand's disease (vWd) after 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) infusion is, at least partially, a pseudothrombocytopenia. There was a discrepancy in platelet counts in blood anticoagulated with EDTA (< 10 times 103/μl) or citrate (55 times 103/μl) in one patient with type IIB vWd and chronic thrombocytopenia (80 times 103/μl) after DDAVP infusion. Furthermore, DDAVP induced a normalization of patient's prolonged bleeding time. Spontaneous platelet aggregation (SPA) observed in platelet-rich plasma before DDAVP infusion was inhibited completely by monoclonal antibodies which block binding of fibrinogen, vWf and fibronectin to GPIIb-IIIa. SPA was partially inhibited by a monoclonal antibody which blocks the binding of vWf to GPIb. After DDAVP, in contrast, SPA partially persisted in the presence of anti-GPIIb-IIIa monoclonal antibodies but was completely inhibited by anti-GPIb monoclonal antibody. Therefore GPIb and GPIIb-IIIa complex seem to play a different role in SPA before and after DDAVP infusion into type IIB vWd.