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Keywords:

  • factor VIII;
  • dosage;
  • pharmacokinetics;
  • prophylaxis;
  • hemophilia A

Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate individual pharmacokinetics as a tool for dosing of factor VIII (FVIII) in severe hemophilia A. It is assumed that effective prophylaxis against bleedings is maintained if the plasma FVIII:C activity is kept above 1 U/dl, and the present study is based on this assumption. A current standard dosage regimen for FVIII is 25–40 U/kg up to three times weekly. However, there is considerable individual variation in the pharmacokinetics of FVIII:C. Individual pharmacokinetic data were used to computer-simulate plasma activity curves after repeated doses in 8 patients. Going from prophylaxis regimens of normally 2–3 infusions per week to dosing every 2 days would theoretically reduce their average FVIII consumption by 43% with maintained or increased trough levels of FVIII:C. Daily dosing would reduce their mean FVIII usage by 82%. Modified dosage regimens, infusions every 2 days, were implemented in the patients, and plasma samples were drawn to verify the pharmacokinetic models. The feasibility of the method to generally raise trough levels with a decreased consumption of FVIII was confirmed. Dosing of coagulation factors according to kinetic principles can result in more cost-effective utilization of these very expensive preparations.