• myelofibrosis;
  • myeloid metaplasia;
  • bone histomorphometry;
  • myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia;
  • osteosclerosis;
  • microCT


Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM) is a clonal disorder of the haematopoietic stem cell which can be associated with marrow fibrosis and/or osteosclerosis. Because bone progenitors and mature bone cells are influenced by the marrow microenvironment, cellular and tissular changes were assessed by histomorphometry in MMM. Thirteen patients, with a clinical proven MMM, had a bone biopsy of the iliac crest with double tetracycline labelling and osteoclast count. Histomorphometry was done at the 2D level (bone volume, osteoid parameters, bone histodynamic parameters and osteoclast count) and 3D level by microcomputed tomography. All patients had clusters of abnormal megakaryocytes in bone marrow. Newly apposed bone packets were observed in 12 patients and corresponded to an increased thickness of some bone units with new lamellae or focal areas of woven bone anchored on the pre-existing trabeculae. Osteoid parameters were unchanged, only bone formation rate appeared considerably increased in seven patients. There was a net tendency for decrease in osteoclast number and conversion of trabecular pillars into plates. An uncoupling of bone remodelling was evidenced with an increased life-span of osteoblasts associated with a normal/reduced osteoclast activity. A very complex network of factors is candidate to explain bone changes observed in MMM.