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- Melanosome immunolabelling of the cells [Cell-ELISA (CELISA)]
- Conflict of interests
- Supporting Information
Abstract: Three major difficulties must be overcome to establish a quantitative method for melanosomal transfer analysis: (i) establishing a three-dimensional co-culture reassuring direct melanocyte to keratinocyte transfer, (ii) separation of melanocytes and keratinocytes following co-culture and (iii) melanosome quantification in each cell population. Melanocytes and keratinocytes are cultured on the opposite sides of the porous membrane of hanging cell inserts (1 μm pores, 2 × 106 pores/cm2). Cell separation is performed after 3 days of co-culture by simple trypsinisation. Melanosome quantification in separated cell populations was accomplished by an ELISA-like method using gp-100 as the antigen. Melanocytes and keratinocytes come into ‘direct’ contact through the pores, and melanosomal transfer is accomplished without cell passage through the membrane. Cell separation by simple trypsinisation results in pure melanocyte and keratinocyte populations. Melanosome quantification by the ELISA-like method proved to be sensitive and specific to distinguish the known inhibitors and inducers of melanosomal transfer.