The influence of physical watercourse parameters on the degree of anadromy in different lake populations of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus (L.)) in northern Norway

Authors


K. Kristoffersen, Environmental Protection Department, Governor of the Country of Troms, P. O. Box 595, N-9001 Tromsø, Norway

Abstract

The influence of physical watercourse parameters on the degree of anadromy was studied in 15 lake populations of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus (L.)) in northern Norway. The anadromy of the different populations was scored based on the following criteria; marine parasites. fish length and length at maturity. There were significant negative correlations between the anadromy scores and both the length of the outlet rivers of the different lakes and a migration barrier index for the different watercourses (combining migration distance and water velocity). It is hypothsized that these correlations were due to differences in energy expenditure for charr during upstream migration and/or differences in predation pressure on charr during river migration. Short rivers with relatively high water velocity seem to be the most preferable conditions for the anadromous life-history strategy. There were no correlations between the degree of anadromy and mean river slope or minimum summer water discharge.

Ancillary