Structural hepatic changes associated with cyanamide treatment: cholangiolar proliferation, fibrosis and cirrhosis


Facultad de Medicina Universidad de Navarra Pamplona Spain


ABSTRACT— The authors present the clinical and histological findings in a series of 42 liver biopsies from 39 chronic alcoholics treated with cyanamide as aversion therapy. All biopsies displayed characteristic cytoplasmic inclusions in the liver-cells. Fibrosis and disruption of the parenchymal-connective tissue interface were observed in all cases. According to the severity and extension of fibrosis, three stages could be depicted: Stage I. Periportal activity cholangiolar type (ACT), which is defined by cholangiolar proliferation, fibroblastic activation and inflammatory infiltrate, which together cause a blurred appearance of the parenchymal-connective tissue junction. It is the elementary lesion and was observed alone in 26 biopsies. Stage II. Portal-to-portal linkage. It was observed in 10 biopsies, all of which also showed periportal ACT. Three of these came from patients with two biopsies in which transition from stage I (first biopsy) to stage II (second biopsy) was observed. Stage III. Nodular parenchymal regeneration, associated with changes observed in stage I and II. It was found in six patients. The histological picture resembles the biliary type of cirrhosis. There is a clear-cut correlation between the length of treatment and the stage of the hepatic lesion.