• autoimmune disease;
  • chronic active hepatitis;
  • hepatitis;
  • liver biopsy;
  • non-A;
  • non-B

ABSTRACT— We studied two female patients with autoimmune (“lupoid”) chronic active hepatitis whose liver biopsies at initial presentation showed the unusual features of an acute hepatitis. Centrilobular hepatocyte swelling and multinucleation, acidophilic degeneration, cholestasis, mild fatty change and bile duct damage in one case resembled lesions of non-A, non-B hepatitis. Lobular and portal infiltrates of plasma cells with piecemeal necrosis suggested transition to chronicity as well as an autoimmune component. This was additionally supported by the presence of hypergammaglobulinemia and auto-antibodies in both patients. We conclude that liver biopsy features in the acute presentation of lupoid hepatitis may be difficult to distinguish from those seen in acute hepatitis due to virus or drugs.