ABSTRACT— Monospecific antibodies, directed against type IV collagen and laminin, were used to clarify the process of sinusoidal capillarization in rats after carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) intoxication by the direct immunoperoxidase method. After acute intoxication, both type IV collagen and laminin were increased in the area of hepatic necrosis, adjacent to the central veins; however, sinusoidal capillarization was not found. During chronic intoxication, deposition of laminin was co-distributed with that of type IV collagen, but deposition proceeded more slowly than that of the type IV collagen. Deposition of laminin was increased in the Disse space. Sinusoidal capillarization was noted as thick deposition of both antigens by light microscopy. Immunoelectron microscopy showed that both components were continuously present in the Disse space. Intracellularly, both antigens were found in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) of fat-storing cells (FSC) and endothelial cells, and these cells showed morphological changes, becoming slender and flattened. In contrast, few immunoreactive products of the two components were observed in the hepatocytes. These findings suggest that type IV collagen and laminin are indispensable for the establishment of sinusoidal capillarization, and that FSC play an important role in the production of both components.