• choline-deficient diet;
  • fatty liver;
  • hepatic circulation;
  • horse serum;
  • liver cell enlargement;
  • portal hypertension;
  • septal fibrosis

Abstract: The effect of septal fibrosis on hepatic circulation was examined in rats with enlarged liver cells. Septal fibrosis was produced by horse serum injections and liver cell enlargement by a choline-deficient diet. Septal fibrosis alone did not induce any disturbance of hepatic circulation. In fatty livers, a slight increase in sinusoidal vascular resistance and a slight elevation of portal vein pressure were found. However, in fatty livers with septal fibrosis, portal hypertension and sinusoidal vascular resistance were higher than in fatty livers without septal fibrosis. These experimental data clearly demonstrate that septal fibrosis alone has no effect on hepatic circulation, but septal fibrosis in the presence of liver cell enlargement markedly affects sinusoidal circulation and induces portal hypertension. The augmentation of sinusoidal vascular resistance by septal fibrosis in the presence of liver cell enlargement might be due to the severe deformation of the sinusoids by enlarged liver cells in the limited spaces surrounded by septal fibrous bands.