Bergmann's rule; a concept cluster?
Article first published online: 13 NOV 2009
© 2009 The Authors
Volume 119, Issue 1, pages 89–100, January 2010
How to Cite
Watt, C., Mitchell, S. and Salewski, V. (2010), Bergmann's rule; a concept cluster?. Oikos, 119: 89–100. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17959.x
- Issue published online: 23 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 13 NOV 2009
- Manuscript Accepted 14 July 2009
The science behind ecology has been contested for years, partially because of the misuse and misrepresentation of concepts within ecology. This paper discusses the use of Bergmann's rule, a fundamental rule of biogeography. The rule was proposed by Carl Bergmann in 1847 and was published only in German; therefore, the majority of researchers have relied on a single translation by Mayr suggesting that races from cooler climates tend to be larger in species of warm-blooded vertebrates than races of the same species living in warmer climates. That many scientists cannot go back to the original source of information because it has not been published in English has resulted in relying on others for interpretation and led to several problems, the largest of which is whether the definition of the rule should include the mechanism, which had been proposed by Bergmann. There has been a large field of research on the subject, but few tests of the mechanisms behind the observed phenomenon. We conducted a review of the literature on Bergmann's rule, and from this suggest (1) Bergmann's original rule be maintained (a direct translation is provided), (2) mechanism is inherent in Bergmann's rule and is required for a rule to be of scientific value; patterns should be labelled as trends, not rules, (3) the focus should be on falsifying hypothesized mechanisms rather than simply describing patterns, and (4) to truly evaluate Bergmann's rule in a scientific manner the original German source should be translated and made available to the scientific public.