Mandibular canal variant: a case report


Dr Puneet Wadhwani, 3/233 Vishal Khand – III, Gomtinagar, Lucknow 226010, Uttar Pradesh, India. Tel: +91 522 2392571, Fax: +91 522 2815392, E-mail:


The mandibular canal transmits the inferior alveolar artery, vein and the inferior alveolar nerve. From an embryological perspective, there might be three inferior dental nerves innervating three groups of mandibular teeth. During rapid prenatal growth and remodeling in the ramus region there is spread of intramembranous ossification that eventually forms the mandibular canal. Occurrence of bifid/trifid mandibular canals in some patients is secondary to incomplete fusion of these three nerves. Various types of bifid mandibular canals have been classified according to anatomical location and configuration. This case report highlights an unusual variant of the mandibular canal.