• pineal;
  • melatonin;
  • compensatory ovarian hypertrophy;
  • antigonadotropin;
  • follicle stimulating hormone

Bhagat L, Duraiswami S, Muralidhar K. Mode of action of inhibin-like pineal antigonadotropin is different from melatonin during compensatory ovarian hypertrophy. J. Pineal Res. 1994:16:193–197.


Both melatonin and pineal antigonadotropic peptides have the same end effect, i. e., prevention of the hypertrophic response when tested in the conventional compensatory ovarian hypertrophy (COH) model. The present work was undertaken to study the effect of melatonin and a melatonin- and steroid-free inhibin-like ovine pineal antigonadotropin (PI) on serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and prolactin (PRL) following hemiovariec-tomy in adult Holtzman rats and also to ascertain if any similarity exists in their mode of action during COH. While melatonin prevented the transient rise in FSH at 12 hr after unilateral ovariectomy (ULO), thus retaining the basal preoperative level, PI depressed basal levels of FSH too. In addition, melatonin suppressed PRL and LH levels at 12 hr and 120 hr after ULO, respectively. PI, on the other hand, had no effect on serum LH and PRL levels. In light of our earlier in vitro results, which showed a direct inhibitory effect of PI and not of melatonin on pituitary FSH synthesis and release, the present results indicate a dichotomy in the mode of action of PI and melatonin. PI acts directly at the level of the pituitary while melatonin may act at the level of the hypothalamus or higher brain centers to suppress the FSH surge and the ensuing compensatory response.