SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ajzen I, Fishbein M. Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980.
  • Ames C. Achievement goals, motivational climate and motivational processes. In: RobertsGC, ed. Motivation in sport and exercise. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1992: 161176.
  • Beatty LA, Wheeler D, Gaiter J. HIV prevention research for African Americans: current and future directions. J Black Psychol 2004: 30: 4058.
  • Braithwaite K, Thomas VG. HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and risk behaviours among African – American and Caribbean college women. Int J Adv Counselling 2001: 23: 115129.
  • Bujra J, Baylies C. Responses to AIDS epidemic in Tanzania and Zambia. In: Baylies C, Bujra J, eds. AIDS, Sexuality and Gender in Africa. Collective Strategies and Struggles in Tanzania and Zambia. London: Routledge, 2000: 2559.
  • Carey M, Lewis B. Motivational strategies can enhance HIV risk reduction programs. AIDS Behav 1999: 3: 269276.
  • Carey M, Maisto S, Kalichman S, Forsyth A, Wright E, Johnson B. Enhancing motivation to reduce the risk of HIV infection for economically disadvantaged urban women. J Consulting Clin Psychol 1997b: 65: 531541.
  • Carey M, Morrison-Beedy D, Johnson B. The HIV-knowledge questionnaire: development and evaluation of a reliable,valid, and practical self-administered questionnaire. AIDS Behav 1997a: 1: 6174.
  • Choi KH, Coates TJ. Prevention of HIV infection. AIDS 1994: 8: 13711389.
  • DiClemente R, Forrest KA, Mickler S. College students' knowledge and attitudes about AIDS and changes in HIV preventive behaviors. AIDS Educ Prevention 1990: 2: 201212.
  • Downer A, Levine R, Weaver M. Critical reflections on human capacity development for HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support. Washington: Center for Health Education and Research (CHER), University of Washington, 2003.
  • Epstein J. Family structures and student motivation: a developmental perspective. In: AmesC, AmesR, eds. Research on motivation in education. New York: Academic Press, 1989: 259295.
  • Family Health International (FHI) Reaching out-of-school youth with reproductive health and HIV/AIDS information and services. Arlington, VA: Family Health International, YouthNet Program, 2004.
  • Fishbein M, Ajzen I. Belief, attitude, intention, and behavior: an introduction to theory and research. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1975.
  • Fishbein M, Middlestadt SE. Using the theory of reasoned action as a framework for understanding and changing AIDS related behaviors. In: MaysVM, AlbeeGW, SchneiderSF, eds. Primary prevention of AIDS: psychological approaches. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1989: 93110.
  • Gallois C, McCamish M. Assessment of AFAO national peer education programme. Canberra: Australian Federation of AIDS Organizations, 1989.
  • Glynn JR, Carael M, Auvert B, Kahindo M, Chege J, Musonda R, Kaona F, Buve A. Why do young women have a much higher prevalence of HIV than young men? A study in Kisumu, Kenya and Ndola Zambia. AIDS 2001: 15: 5160.
  • Ijsselmuiden C, Evian C, Matjilla J, Steinberg M, Schneider H. AIDS in South Africa. AIDS Society 1993: 4: 1011.
  • Jemmott JB, Jemmott LS. HIV risk reduction behavioral interventions with heterosexual adolescents. AIDS 2000: 14: 4052.
  • Jemmott JB, Jemmott LS, Fong GT. Reduction in HIV associated sexual behaviors among balck male adolescents: effects of an AIDS prevention intervention. Am J Public Health 1992: 82: 372377.
  • Kelly JA, St Lawrence J, Brasfield T. Predictors of vulnerability to AIDS risk relapse. J Consulting Clin Psychol 1991: 59: 163166.
  • Kirby D, Barth R, Leland N, Fetro J. Reducing the risk. Impact of a new curriculum on sexual risk taking. Family Plan Pers 1991: 23: 253263.
  • Klepp KI, Ndeki SS, Leshabari MT, Hannan PJ, Lymo BA. AIDS education in Tanzania: promoting risk reduction among primary school children. Am J Public Health 1997: 87: 19311936.
  • Lemyre P-N, Treasure DC, Roberts GC. Influence of variability in motivation and affect on elite athlete burnout susceptibility. J Sport Exerc Psychol 2006: 28: 3248.
  • Leviton I, Valdiserri RO, Lylte L, Callahan CM, Kingsley LA, Huggins J, Rinaldo CR. Preventing HIV infection in gay and bisexual men: experimental evaluation of attitude change from two risk reduction interventions. AIDS Educ Prevention 1990: 2: 95108.
  • Lindegger G, Wood G. The AIDS crisis: review of psychological issues and implications with special reference to South African situation. S Afr J Psychol 1995: 25: 111.
  • Lloyd J, Fox KR. Achievement goals and motivation to exercise in adolescent girls: a preliminary intervention study. Br J Phys Educ 1992: 11: 1216.
  • Lugoe W. Prediction of Tanzanian student's HIV risk and preventive behaviours. Norway: Department of psychosocial Science and Research Center for Health Promotion, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, 1996.
  • Lugoe W, Klepp KI, Skutle A. Sexual debut and predictors of condom use among secondary school students in Arusha, Tanzania. AIDS Care 1996: 8: 443452.
  • Lugoe W, Rise J. Predicting HIV preventive behaviours among Tanzanian students using the theory of planned behaviour: the moderating effect of direct experience. Norway: Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of psychology, University of Bergen, 1996.
  • Meekers D. Sexual initiation and premarital childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa. Pop Studies 1994: 48: 4764.
  • Mgalla Z, Schapink D, Boerma J. Protecting school girls against sexual exploitation: a guardian program in Mwanza, Tanzania. Reprod Health Mat 1998: 6: 1930.
  • Miller W. Motivation for treatment. A review with special emphasis on alcoholism. Psychol Bull 1985: 98: 84107.
  • Miller W. Increasing motivation for change. In: HesterRK, MillerWR, eds. Handbook of alcoholism treatment approaches: effective alternatives. New York: Pergamon, 1989: 6780.
  • Miller BW, Roberts GC, Ommundsen Y. The relationship of perceived motivational climate to moral functioning, moral atmosphere perceptions, and the legitimacy of intentionally injurious acts among competitive youth football players. Psychol Sport Exerc 2005: 6: 461477.
  • Miller W, Rollnick S. Motivational interviewing: preparing people to change addictive behaviors. New York: Guilford, 1991.
  • Ministry of Education and culture & Ministry of Science Technology and Higher Education. The Tanzania education system for the 21st century. Report from the Task force. Leeds, UK: University of Leeds Media Service, 1993.
  • Ministry of Health. National policy on HIV/AIDS/STD. Dar es salaam, Tanzania: Ministry of Health, National AIDS control programme, United Republic of Tanzania, 1995.
  • National AIDS Control Programme (NACP). Medium term plan. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: National AIDS Control Programme, 1998.
  • National AIDS Control Programme (NACP), Bureau of Statistics, & MEASURE Project. AIDS in Africa during nineties: Tanzania youth report. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Chapel Hill, NC, 2004.
  • Ndeki SS, Klepp KI, Seha AM, Leshabari MT Exposure to HIV/AIDS information, AIDS knowledge, perceived risk and attitudes toward people with AIDS among primary children in Northen Tanzania. AIDS Care 1994: 6: 183191.
  • Norris AE, Ford K. AIDS risk behaviors of minority youth living in Detroit. Am J Prevent Med 1991: 7: 416421.
  • Rigby K, Dietz B, Sturgess S. The theory of reasoned action as applied to AIDS prevention for Australian ethnic groups. In: TerryDJ, GalloisC, McCamishM, eds. The theory of reasoned action: its application to AIDS-preventive behavior, 1st edn. Oxford: Pergamon Press Ltd, 1993: 93117.
  • Roberts GC. Achievement motivation in children's sport. In: NichollsJG, ed. Advances in motivation and achievement. Development of achievement motivation, Vol. 3. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1984: 251281.
  • Roberts GC. Understanding the dynamics of motivation in physical activity. The influence of achievement goals on motivational processes. In: RobertsGC, ed. Advances in motivation in sport and exercise. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2001: 150.
  • Roberts GC, Treasure D, Conroy DE. Understanding the dynamics of motivationa in sport and physical activity: an achievement goal interpretation. In: TenenbaumG, EklundR, eds. Handbook of sport psychology. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2007: 330.
  • Rotheram-Borus M, Koopman C, Haignere C, Davies M Reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among runaway adolescents. J Am Med Assoc 1991: 266: 12371241.
  • Sangiwa GM, Van Der Straten A, Grinstead OA. Clients' perspective of the role of voluntary counselling and testing in HIV/AIDS prevention and care in dar es Salaam, Tanzania: the voluntary counselling and testing efficacy study. AIDS Behav 2000: 4: 3548.
  • Schueller J, La Vake S, Lugoe W, Chuma M, Mango F, Humplick B. Summary review:YouthNet program assessment conducted for Tanzania. YouthNet, Partners in Reproductive health and HIV prevention, 2003.
  • Sengendo A, Nambi A. Psychological effect of orphanhood. A study of orphans in Rakai district. Health Trans Rev 1997: 7 (suppl.): 105124.
  • Sheeran P, Abraham SC, Abrams C, Spears R, Marks D. The post-AIDS structure of student's attitudes to condoms: age, sex, and experience of use. Psychol Rep 1990: 66: 614.
  • Siedentop D. Sport education. Teaching Secondary Physical Education 1996: 3: 89.
  • Stover J. Projecting the demographic consequences of adult HIV prevalence trends: the spectrum projection package. Sex Transm Infect 2004: 80: 1418.
  • Tabachnick B, Fidell L. Using multivariate statistics, 4th edn. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2001.
  • Tanzania Commission for AIDS [TACAIDS] Tanzania HIV/AIDS indicator survey (2003–4). Dar es Sallaam, Tanzania: TACAIDS, 2005.
  • Terry DJ, Gallois C, McCamish M. The theory of reasoned action. Its application to AIDS preventive behavior. Oxford: Oxford, Pergamon Press Ltd., 1993.
  • Treasure DC, Roberts GC. Application of achievement goal theory to physical education: implication for enhancing motivation. Quest 1995: 47: 475489.
  • Treasure DC, Roberts GC. Student's perception of motivational climate, achievement beliefs and satisfaction in physical education. Res Quart Exerc Sport 2001: 72: 165175.
  • UNAIDS 2004. Report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Switzerland, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). 2004.
  • UNAIDS. UNGASS indicators country report 2003–2005. United republic of Tanzania. Geneva: UNAIDS, 2005.
  • UNAIDS. 2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Switzerland: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), 2006.
  • UNAIDS & WHO. Tanzania: Epidemiological fact sheets on HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted infections. Switzerland: Working group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance, 2000.
  • UNGAOR. Sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace. General Assembly Resolution. 58/5, United Nations, Dic.A/58/l.2/add./, 2003.
  • UNICEF. Girls, HIV/AIDS and education. New York: United Nation's Children Fund (UNICEF), 2004.
  • United Nations. UN inter-agency task force report on sport for development and peace: towards achieving the millenium development goals. Geneva: United Nations, 2003.
  • Wilson D, Zenda A, McMaster J, Lavelle S. Factors predicting Zimbabwean students' intention to use condoms. Psychol Health 1992: 7: 99114.
  • World Bank. Tanzania: AIDS assessment and planning study. Washington: World Bank, 1992.
  • World Health Organization (WHO). Guide to planning health promotion for AIDS prevention and control. (Rep. No. 5). Geneva: WHO AIDS series, 1989.