The impact of sport and active recreation injuries on physical activity levels at 12 months post-injury

Authors

  • N. Andrew,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    • Corresponding author: Nadine Andrew, PhD, MPH, BappScPhysio, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, The Alfred Centre, 99 Commercial Road, Melbourne, Vic. 3004, Australia. Tel: +61 3 9594 7509, Fax: +61 3 9902 4245, E-mail: nadine.andrew@monash.edu

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  • R. Wolfe,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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  • P. Cameron,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    2. National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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  • M. Richardson,

    1. Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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  • R. Page,

    1. Department of Orthopaedics, Barwon Health and Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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  • A. Bucknill,

    1. Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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  • B. Gabbe

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
    2. National Trauma Research Institute, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of serious sport and active recreation injury on 12-month physical activity levels. Adults admitted to hospital with sport and active recreation-related injuries, and captured by the Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry were recruited to the study. Changes between preinjury and 12 month post-injury physical activity was assessed using the short International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Independent demographic, injury, and hospital variables were assessed for associations with changes in physical activity levels, using multivariate linear regression. A total of 324 patients were recruited, of which 98% were followed up at 12 months. Mean short IPAQ scores decreased from 7650 METS (95% CI: 7180, 8120) preinjury to 3880 METS; (95% CI: 3530, 4250) post-injury, independent of functional recovery. Education level and occupation group were the only variables independently associated with changes in physical activity levels post-injury. These results highlighted that sport and active recreation injuries lead to significant reductions in physical activity levels. Hence, the prevention of sport and active recreation injuries is important when considering promotion of activity at a population level.

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